I am a firm believer in serving a single family meal. Preparing one nutritious meal, even a quick and easy one, is enough work for busy parents. Although I prepare dinners that are kid-friendly, I cook more than just starchy vegetables and carb crusted proteins. Don’t get me wrong, we have a family favorite whole wheat panko crusted fish that is on regular rotation. But I also frequently push the boundaries on what I offer my boys for dinner. I whole heartedly believe it is our jobs as parents to introduce our children to a wide variety of foods and teach them to eat healthfully.
The picky eaters of the 2 to 6 year old set are often quite fearful of new foods. To get my boys to try new foods, I serve their meals deconstructed. It takes only an extra minute or two to separate out the different elements of a meal. They are more likely to not have an initial negative response (“I don’t like that”) to the meal and actually eat their dinner if it is served deconstructed.
Why serving deconstructed meals works
Why does serving a deconstructed meal work? Food presentation is important. There is a reason we often hear that we “eat with our eyes first”. How visually appealing a meal is influences our opinion of how it will taste. Our perception of a meal’s appearance will in turn impact how we think it tastes. Chefs at fine restaurants know this and use it to their advantage.
There happens to be research to back this effect up. Researchers at the University of Oxford studied how food plating influences the perceived and actual taste of a meal. They found that study participants thought an artfully presented salad tasted almost 30% better than the same ingredients arranged in a neat but not-artistic manner.1
Children do not have the same food presentation preferences as adults
We should not treat our children as “mini adults” when it comes to how food is presented. A study by the Cornell Food and Brand Lab (CFBL) evaluated food presentation preferences for both children (ages 5 – 13 years old) and parent-age adults.2,3 The study found that children do not share the same preferences for food presentation as parent-age adults.
Children like options (up to 7)
Unlike adults, children like to be presented with many different options in one meal. In the study, the children had a significant preference for the maximum number of seven food options on a plate. Adult participants preferred to only have three food elements on their plate. Because 7 options was the maximum presented in the study, it is unclear if children would prefer even more than 7 options. However, the realm of dinner preparation reality will often dictate how many options are available to our children. Key point: more options are good. If you are making a salad or stir-fry, serve the components separately.
Children like colorful choices (up to 6)
Similar to the number of components on a plate, children like to be presented with many different colors during one meal. In the CFBL study, the children tended to prefer having six different colors on their plate whereas the adults preferred only three. This is great news when we are trying to feed our children a diverse, colorful rainbow of vegetable options. Use this inherent preference in children to expand their daily intake of vegetables.
Protein positioned front and right
The CFBL study also investigated the preferred location for the main dish or protein. Children had a preference for the lower right portion of a round plate while adults preferred the central right location. The researchers did not investigate handedness of the participants, it is unclear whether this influences the preference.
Keep the foods separate (no crowding!)
The children and adults who participated in the CFBL study agreed on a few things. The first was that plates with some empty space were preferred to overcrowded plates. For children, at least, this should not be surprising. We have all either heard stories or experienced first hand when a child completely melts down when presented with a meal where the foods are touching.
The researchers of the CFBL study admit that there are many follow-up studies that should be done. The most important may be studying whether using these preferred presentation methods influence actual food consumption. However, presenting a visually appealing meal may be just the thing to encourage your child to try the new recipe, vegetable, or flavor. Based on the unscientific studies conducted at my kitchen table, serving deconstructed meals according to these recommendations helps overcome the “what is this?” or “I don’t like this!” response. This also helps increase the diversity of foods that my boys eat, hopefully setting them up for healthier eating habits as adults.
Other examples of deconstructed meals:
Thai Green Curry with Shrimp
One final note: In addition to the recommendations above, the researchers at CFBL found that children also liked figurative designs. For example, a meal organized as a silly face or a sandwich in the shape of a heart. If you are trying to introduce a new food to your child or simply increase consumption of vegetables, consider trying this additional strategy.
Pin recommendations for later:
- Plating manifesto (II): the art and science of plating, Spence et al. Flavour 2014, 3:4 (link)
- Cornell Food and Brand Lab Website (link)
- Food plating preferences of children: the importance of presentation on desire for diversity, Zampollo et al. Acta Paediatrica, 2012 101(1), 61-66 (link)